Russia. What you should know when moving to another country with a child - Labirint
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Russia. What you should know when moving to another country with a child

    Russia. What you should know when moving to another country with a child

    We have collected instructions, recommendations and contacts, which can help you in the chosen country and situation.

    01. Equality of rights and duties for both parents

    If the child has two parents, both of the parents should address the question of moving to another country jointly. It also applies when:

    • One of the parents’ lives separately;
    • The children’s place of residence is determined by the agreement or a court decision;
    • Arrangement for contact between a child and their parents is determined by an agreement or a court decision.

    02.  The process of coordinating the relocation of the child with the second parent

    Consent of the non-custodial parent to the relocation of their child to another country for permanent residence should be notarized.

    If both parents do not reach an agreement, they have to apply to the court for a decision.

    03. How to verify if your child is or is not prohibited from leaving the country

    Both parents can prohibit their child’s right to leave the Russian Federation. To do so, the parent has to apply required documents to the migration unit of the territorial body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation at the regional or district level. Prohibition can be set until the child becomes of age of adult or for a set period.

    We advise you to check in advance if your child has such prohibition, even if you reached oral agreement with the other parent.

    How can a parent check if his child is prohibited from leaving the country? Here is our instruction:

    01. Go to the official website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

    Go to the «Онлайн-сервисы» section → «Приём обращений граждан и организаций». You can also go there by clicking on this link: мвд.рф/request_main.

    02. Fill in the form

    1. Choose «Министерство внутренних дел Российской Федерации» and «Главное управление по вопросам миграции»;

    2. Press the «Продолжить» button;

    3. Read the information on the procedure of the application and consideration;

    Please mind the time for processing requests and consider them before applying:

    The received appeal is registered within 3 days and considered within 30 days from the date of registration. If necessary, this period can be extended for another 30 days, about which the applicant is notified. Therefore, the maximum period from the registration of the appeal to the providing of a response is 63 days. 

    The response to the appeal will be sent in the form of an electronic document to the e-mail address you provided in the form.

    4.  Click «С информацией ознакомлен» and «Подать обращение»;

    5. Fill in the form. Mandatory fields are marked with an «*». 

    Recommended text form:

    Я, [insert your full name here], являюсь матерью (am a mother)/отцом (am a father) несовершеннолетнего ребёнка [insert your child’s full name, their date of birth in the DD.MM.YYYY format].

    Прошу предоставить информацию о наличии заявления о несогласии на выезд моего несовершеннолетнего ребёнка [insert your child’s full name, their date of birth in the DD.MM.YYYY format] и о том, закрыт ли выезд за пределы Российской Федерации моего несовершеннолетнего ребёнка [insert your child’s full name, their date of birth in the DD.MM.YYYY format]. В приложениях к обращению находится копия моего паспорта гражданина РФ, а также свидетельства о рождении несовершеннолетнего ребенка [insert your child’s full name, their date of birth in the DD.MM.YYYY format].        

    6. Click on «Прикрепить файл» and attach the following documents:

    • applicant’s passport;
    • child’s birth certificate.

    03. Wait for response to your email mentioned in the application

    04. Possible consequences of taking your child out of the country without the consent of the second parent, or without a “permissive” court decision

    A parent who took a child abroad can be accused with “international child abduction” if the country where the minor was taken is a party to the 1980 Hague Convention and has accepted 

    the ratification of this Convention by the Russian Federation.

    In this case, the parent who took the child will face a lawsuit on the territory of their new country of residence. The court may decide on the return of the child to the country of permanent residence.

    Read more here and here.

    Did our instructions help?

    When compiling the instructions, we relied on the help of volunteers and lawyers from different countries. If something went wrong — the organization didn’t respond to you, you found a bug or the instructions weren’t precise enough — tell us about it. Email us at: help@labirint.online

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